The current report makes an overview of the origins of trans-border crime and corruption in SEE. It also focuses on the legal and regulatory framework of anti-corruption, the corruption in the economy, and the role of the civil society.
The problems, related to corruption, which have been troubling the Southeast European countries during their transition to democracy and market economy, are not unique and specific only to this region. The long list of problems, described and analyzed in detail in the second section of this report, could be compiled for virtually any transitional country, regardless of its geographic location. The situation regarding corruption in state administration, judiciary or in the economy in Southeast Europe is in principle not that different from the situation in Central Europe or in Latin America. The main difference is in the scale of this phenomenon and in the circumstances which fostered its exceptional permeability in the Balkan societies. This, however, might be to an enormous extent a consequence of a very specific set of circumstances the Southeast European countries (unlike the ones in Central Europe) faced, especially during the first half of the 1990s.